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BRANCH CHIEF - ROBERTO ROMERO, M.D., D.MED.SCI.

Title

  • Chief, Perinatology Research Branch, Program Director for Perinatal Research and Obstetrics,
    Deputy Clinical Director for Obstetrics and Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Division of Intramural Research, NICHD, NIH, DHHS
  • Professor Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan,
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State University, Center for Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Wayne State University- Full time status
  • Editor-in-Chief for Obstetrics, American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology

Training and Background

  • Bachelor of Science, Physician and Surgeon degree
    Doctor of Medical Sciences
  • Residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology - Yale University
  • Maternal-Fetal Medicine Fellowship - Yale University
  • Former Director of Perinatal Research - Yale University
  • Professor and Vice-Chairman, Wayne State University
  • Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan
  • Professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State University
  • Co-author of over 1,000 peer-reviewed publications
  • Author of books: “Obstetrical Ultrasound” and “Perinatal Diagnosis of Congenital Anomalies”
  • Editor of books: “The Principles and Practice of Ultrasonography in Obstetrics and Gynecology” and “Preterm Labor”
  • Editor-in-Chief of the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Editor of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Recipient of numerous awards including:
    • Presidential Achievement Award (SGI)
    • Ian Donald Gold Medal (ISUOG); Stockholm, Sweden
    • Erich Saling Award (World Association of Perinatal Medicine); Osaka, Japan
    • Research Excellence Awards (SMFM, ACOG, CAOG, ISUOG)
  • Member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of the United States
  • Recipient of 13 Doctorate Honoris Causa degrees from universities worldwide
  • Elected Member of the Academy of Scholars, Wayne State University

Contributions and Areas of Interest

  • Early diagnosis and treatment of ectopic pregnancy:
    • -The discriminatory hCG zone
    • -Serial hCG determinations
    • -Ultrasound assessment of the pelvis
    • -Laparoscopic treatment of ectopic pregnancy
  • Prenatal diagnosis of congenital anomalies with ultrasound
    • -STIC for the diagnosis of congenital heart disease
    • -Functional evaluation of the fetal heart
  • Longitudinal studies of fetal growth
  • Three-dimensional and four-dimensional ultrasound
  • Invasive procedures for prenatal diagnosis (amniocentesis, cordocentesis, endoscopy and fetal endoscopic surgery)
  • Subclinical intrauterine infection in preterm labor and preterm PROM
  • Role of cytokines and chemokines in spontaneous labor at term and infection-induced preterm labor
  • The fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS)
  • The role of the human fetus in the onset of preterm labor
  • Fetal systemic inflammation as a cause of cerebral palsy and chronic lung disease
  • Development of novel methods for the rapid diagnosis of intrauterine infection/inflammation
  • Treatment of intrauterine infection and intrauterine inflammation
  • High-dimensional biology (genomics, proteomics, metabolomics) to understand perinatal disease
  • The role of progesterone in the prevention of preterm birth

Courses

  • 5th Annual Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine Annual Meeting. San Diego, CA. February 2 – 7, 2015.
  • Preterm Birth Symposium: novel mechanisms of disease for premature labor. 35th Annual Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine Annual Meeting. San Diego, CA. February 2 – 7, 2015.
  • Fetal intelligent navigation echocardiography (FINE): complexity made simple. Birth: clinical challenges in labor and delivery. Fortaleza, Brazil. March 5 – 7, 2015.
  • Evaluation of the progress in labor: the partogram and its evolution. Birth: clinical challenges in labor and delivery. Fortaleza, Brazil. March 5 – 7, 2015.
  • Cervical ultrasound, fetal fibronectin, IGFBP1, sludge and other diagnostic methods. Birth: clinical challenges in labor and delivery. Fortaleza, Brazil. March 5 – 7, 2015.
  • Preterm labor. Obstetrics Forum. Prague, Czech Republic. March 11 – 13, 2015.
  • Fetal echocardiography: complexity made simple. Obstetrics Forum. Prague, Czech Republic. March 11 – 13, 2015.
  • Molecular imaging and nanotechnology to prevent cerebral palsy caused by intraamniotic infection. 62nd Society for Reproductive Investigation Annual Meeting. San Francisco, CA. March 25 – 28, 2015.
  • The role of progesterone, cerclage and a pessary to prevent preterm birth. RCOG World Congress: Joint RCOG / RANZCOG Event. Brisbane, Australia. April 12 – 15, 2015.
  • Microorganisms and inflammation in spontaneous preterm labor and fetal injury. RCOG World Congress: Joint RCOG / RANZCOG Event. Brisbane, Australia. April 12 – 15, 2015.
  • Complex decision making in obstetrics. RCOG World Congress: Joint RCOG / RANZCOG Event. Brisbane, Australia. April 12 – 15, 2015.
  • Keynote Address: Maternal anti-fetal rejection as a mechanism of disease. Scientific Retreat on Integrative and Global Approaches in Reproductive Sciences. Detroit, Michigan. April 29, 2015.
  • Edith Louise Potter Memorial Lecture: universal cervical length screening – a debate. Annual Meeting of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. San Francisco, CA. May 2 – 6, 2015.
  • The intriguing life of the human placenta. 50th Anniversary of the Sfameni Foundation. Bologna, Italy. May 9, 2015.
  • Fetal intelligent navigation echocardiography. Update in Maternal Fetal Medicine. Padova, Italy. May 11, 2015.
  • Biochemical markers of preeclampsia. Update in Maternal Fetal Medicine. Padova, Italy. May 11, 2015.
  • Evidence for infection and inflammation as mechanisms for preterm birth. Frontiers in Pregnancy Research Symposium. Denver, CO. May 15, 2015.
  • The Diagnosis of Fetal Congenital Heart Disease: Complexity Made Simple. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Division of Intramural Research. 2015 Scientific Retreat for Investigators. Bethesda, MD. June 3-4, 2015.
  • The Cervix. Detroit OB/GYN Ultrasound Symposium. Detroit, MI. June 3-6, 2015.
  • Lessons Learned from Evolutionary Placental Genetics. 19th International Conference on Prenatal Diagnosis and Therapy. Washington, DC. July 12-15, 2015.
  • The Prevention of Preterm Birth: Progesterone, 17OHP-C, Cervical Cerclage, Pessary and More. OB/GYN Annual Symposium. New York, NY. October 2, 2015.
  • Challenges in the Care of Mothers and Infants During Labor and Delivery. Chairperson. XXI FIGO World Congress of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Vancouver, Canada. October 4-9, 2015.
  • Etiology and Risk Factors of Preterm Labor. XXI FIGO World Congress of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Vancouver, Canada. October 4-9, 2015.
  • The FIGO Partogram. XXI FIGO World Congress of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Vancouver, Canada. October 4-9, 2015.
  • Ultrasound in Term and Preterm Labor. Chairperson. 25th World Congress on Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Montreal, Canada. October 10-14, 2015.
  • Masterclass: The Screening for and Prevention of Prematurity Should be a Standard of Care. 25th World Congress on Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Montreal, Canada. October 10-14, 2015.
  • Strategies for the Prevention of Preterm Birth. 25th World Congress on Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Montreal, Canada. October 10-14, 2015.
  • Intelligent Navigation in Fetal Imagine – What, How and Why? 25th World Congress on Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Montreal, Canada. October 10-14, 2015.
  • Debate: Cerclage in the Prevention of Preterm Birth – a Major Role versus a Minor Role. 25th World Congress on Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Montreal, Canada. October 10-14, 2015.
  • Fetal Intelligent Navigation Echocardiography (FINE): Complexity Made Simple. 12th World Congress of Perinatal Medicine. Pre- Congress Course. Madrid, Spain. November 3-6, 2015.
  • Premature labor: one syndrome, many causes. 12th World Congress of Perinatal Medicine. Plenary Session. Madrid, Spain. November 3-6, 2015.
  • Progesterone. 12th World Congress of Perinatal Medicine. Parallel Session. Madrid, Spain. November 5, 2015.
  • Chorioamnionitis: Issues in diagnosis, microbiology and treatment. 12th World Congress of Perinatal Medicine. Plenary Session. Madrid, Spain. November 3-6, 2015.
  • The Structure and Evolution of the Scientific Paper. Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine 36th Annual Meeting – The Pregnancy Meeting. Postgraduate Course. Atlanta, GA February 1-6, 2016.
  • Bibliometric Indices: Impact Factor, the H Index, Eigenfactor – what do they mean, and should I care? Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine 36th Annual Meeting – The Pregnancy Meeting. Post Graduate Course. Atlanta, GA. February 3, 2016.
  • References: “Priority became the prize”. Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine 36th Annual Meeting – The Pregnancy Meeting. Postgraduate Course. Atlanta, GA. February 1-6, 2016.
  • How to Write a Paper for Publication: A Practical Approach. Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine 36th Annual Meeting – The Pregnancy Meeting. Course Director. Atlanta, GA. February 1-6, 2016.
  • Intrauterine infection/inflammation as a cause of periviability. NICHD Exchange: Periviable Birth: Causes, Consequences, Counseling & Management. Bethesda, Maryland. Invited Speaker (Remote). February 12, 2016.
  • Intra-amniotic inflammation: causes, diagnosis and treatment. Society for Reproductive Investigation 63rd Annual Scientific Meeting. Montreal, Canada. March 16-19, 2016.
  • Mechanisms of disease for preterm labor. Society for Reproductive Investigation 63rd Annual Scientific Meeting. Montreal, Canada. March 16-19, 2016.
  • Fetal infection/inflammation and cerebral palsy: molecular medicine and nanotechnology. Seoul National University Hospital. Seoul, South Korea. March 22, 2016.
  • Fetal intelligent navigation echocardiography: complexity made simple. Seoul National University Hospital. Seoul, South Korea. March 22, 2016.
  • Preterm labor: progress and discoveries. Birth: Clinical Challenges in Labor and Delivery Meeting. Beijing, China. April 8-9, 2016.
  • The diagnosis of labor and labor disorders. Chairperson. Birth: Clinical Challenges in Labor and Delivery Meeting. Beijing, China. April 8-9, 2016.
  • Evaluation of progress in labor: the partogram and its evolution. Birth: Clinical Challenges in Labor and Delivery Meeting. Beijing, China. April 8-9, 2016.
  • The great obstetrical syndromes: when the fetus is the father of the man. Birth: Clinical Challenges in Labor and Delivery Meeting. Beijing, China. April 8-9, 2016.
  • Preterm birth: diagnosis and prevention. Chairperson. Birth: Clinical Challenges in Labor and Delivery Meeting. Beijing, China. April 8-9, 2016.
  • The diagnosis of premature labor and other thoughts. Birth: Clinical Challenges in Labor and Delivery Meeting. Beijing, China. April 8-9, 2016.
  • Amniotic fluid embolism and septic shock after delivery. Birth: Clinical Challenges in Labor and Delivery Meeting. Beijing, China. April 8-9, 2016.
  • Fetal echocardiography: complexity made simple. Ultrasound in Pregnancy Monitoring and Gynecology Meeting. Zhengzhou, China. April 10, 2016.
  • Fetal echocardiography: complexity made simple. Meeting (5D Heart) in Fetal Echocardiography. Hangzhou, China. April 11, 2016.
  • Preterm labor: one syndrome, many causes. World Congress in Fetal Medicine. Palma de Mallorca, Spain. June 25-28, 2016.
  • 30 years of research in preterm labor. 6th Hellenic Congress on Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology. Thessaloniki, Greece. October 14-16, 2016.
  • Fetal intelligent navigation echocardiography (FINE): complexity made simple. 6th Hellenic Congress on Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology. Thessaloniki, Greece. October 14-16, 2016.
  • Ultrasound in the prevention and management of preterm labor. 6th Hellenic Congress on Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology. Thessaloniki, Greece. October 14-16, 2016.
  • Iffath Abbasi Hoskins, MD Lecture: Management of the short cervix: vaginal progesterone, cerclage or a pessary? ACOG District II Annual Meeting. New York, NY. October 21-23, 2016.
  • The challenges of preterm birth. Global Conference on Maternal Infant Health: Strategies and Critical Issues for Ameliorating Global Health of Mother, Fetus and Newborn. Florence, Italy. November 4-6, 2016.
  • Maternal plasma biomarkers for maternal vascular lesions of underperfusion and their role in preeclampsia, SGA and fetal death. 5th International Fetal Growth Meeting. Toronto, Canada. November 17-19, 2016.